Phlebotomy is used for many reasons in the medical field. A physician may need to test the blood of a patient or a patient may be donating blood to help another person. The physician is not the one to take the blood from the patient. The phlebotomist does this as part of their job role. The phlebotomist takes blood by entering the veins, usually through the middle arm or wrist. These are the arteries easiest to access without causing pain to the patient. When drawing blood from an infant, the phlebotomist is more likely to use the baby’s heel for drawing the blood as it is the least painful for the baby.
In the United States, phlebotomy training requires a certificate. The phlebotomy training is managed by The American Society of Phlebotomy Technicians, and a person going through the training program must complete and pass the exam after the study program is complete. After training, the phlebotomist continues being educated with new technology after they graduate. Once a phlebotomist joins the phlebotomy society, they remain a member the rest of their life.
The field of technology is fast growing, and qualified phlebotomists are in high demand. Phlebotomists can work with mobile clinics, laboratories, nursing homes and hospitals. This is a wonderful opportunity within the healthcare industry that does not take long to be certified. Phlebotomy training consists of learning how blood is drawn, learning about the veins inside the human body, having a strong knowledge of how the arteries work best to have blood drawn to not cause pain for the patient and understanding the total procedure for drawing blood.
Since a phlebotomist is exposed to blood borne contaminants and diseases, they must possess a high level of expertise and exercise extreme caution while executing their duties to protect themselves as well as others who are exposed to fluid samples drawn. Prior to collecting blood samples and fluids from patients, the phlebotomist is responsible for making sure all the environments and collection instruments used are completely sterile. After collecting the samples, the phlebotomist must correctly label the collection containers with proper patient information, leaving no room for error.
One of the most important traits a person must have to be successful with this career is to not have a squeamish feeling when drawing blood. The job of a phlebotomist is to know how to draw blood while making the patient feel comfortable and not showing any fear while performing the procedure.